Understanding Molecular Medicine and Its Major Advantages

Molecular medicine is a broad concept and it incorporates the study of molecular structures, identifying genetic errors for the cause of a disease, use medical nanotechnology to correct them. The fundamental concept of molecular medicine is the distribution of medicine to the body cells and it is similar to the assimilation of oxygen by a healthy human being. The discipline (molecular medicine) is new. It combines medical studies of modern times with biochemistry. It offers a bridge between today’s medical science and biochemistry. The course of molecular biology includes disciplines like biochemistry, immunology, and biotechnology. Nanotechnology in medicine has many advantages like it leads to diminished costs of treatment, cost-effective and yet high quality drugs. Nanotechnology in medicines help in effective diagnosis and treatment of diseases, it will lead to modern treatment methods, treating complicated medical problems can become simplified.

Benefits of molecular medicine

Molecular medicines and nanotechnology in medicine have their own advantages. These include the following:

Molecular medicines can lead to the invention of elegant and cheap surgical/diagnostic tools.

  • Medical diagnosis and research can become effective and efficient.
  • Nano medical devices can be implanted permanently to treat specific medical conditions.
  • Many medical conditions can be prevented.
  • Unknown diseases can be treated effectively.
  • This can lead to semi-automated diagnosis and treatment.
  • The nanotechnology in medicines help to reduce mortality rate, improve health.
  • Using gene therapy or similar treatment methods, organs can be replaced easily.
  • The different biological systems in the body can be improved.

When nanotechnology is applied in medicine then it is known as Nano medicine. It caters to the improvement of human health using Nano tools (tools at the molecular level) of the human body. Such technology in medicine encompasses areas like drug delivery using nano-particles.

The human body comprises of molecules, the use of molecular nanotechnology enhances progress in the human medical services. The Nano medicine helps to understand the functioning of the biological machinery inside the living cells. This understanding helps medical professionals to cater to complicated medical conditions like AIDS, cancer, ageing. All these help to bring a significant improvement of the natural human biological structure. The understanding helps to reduce mortality rate, ensure proper functioning at the molecular level of the humans.

The understanding of the molecular medicine has resulted in developing Nano particles/molecules to help transfer medicine to each cell of the body. For a sick or unhealthy entity, such developments in molecular biology lead to effective treatment of complicated diseases. Using Nano medicine, malignant cells within a human body can be tracked and then treated. This entire process includes targeting of bacteria/viruses/tumours within the body by Nano particles, treating infections, diseases.

Molecular medicine advantages

Other advantages of using Nano medicines are given as follows:-

With Nano medicines, treatment is gentle and advanced. Most of such treatments are non-invasive. Powerful drugs may have side effects which cannot be ignored. By using molecular medicines, one can reduce the effects of the drugs. Since the use of Nano medicines does not involve surgery therefore it is less painful. Another important advantage of using Nano medicine is that it involves small yet highly sensitive diagnostic tools which accounts for better treatment of diseases. Treatments using Nano technology in medicines are cost effective. It is effective to treat complicated medical conditions like cancer.

Nano medicine disadvantages:

Nano-particles used as part of nanotechnology in medicines uses biochemical pathways, affect the different biological processes of the human body. Under such circumstances, a lack of knowledge about the effects of the nano-particles on the human body, it processes can be a disadvantage. The researchers who deal with design of the nano-particles remain concerned about their toxicity and characterization on their exposure to the biological pathways. If the nano-particles are toxic then they can pose severe threat to the humans and the environment. The researchers remain concerned as the people part of the society use the molecular medicine. In certain instances, researchers remain in doubt of the possible outcome of the use of certain Nano medicines.

Nanotechnology in medicines have revolutionised medical treatment. The doctors now see a ray of hope to treat medical conditions and diseases which were untreatable earlier. Nano medicines have their own advantages. However, researches are on to make the most of nanotechnology in the days to come.

Sterility in Medicine

We are lucky to live in this century, one where medicines have been developed to combat most ailments, where we can be sure that the medicines we have are safe and sterile when needed and if we need a surgery, that the tools and equipment needed is all safe, clean and germ free.

Throughout history, they didn’t give much thought to keeping things clean and sterile, but luckily today we know that it is used to promote health and to eliminate the risk of contamination. What does being sterile mean though? Well, sterility is defined as the complete absence of any viable microorganism whether on a surgical tool, on equipment or in medicines themselves.

There are a few different ways that sterility is achieved in the medical and pharmaceutical fields. The first is using steam. This technique was actually invented back in the 1880’s by a man called Charles Chamberland. He came up with the autoclave, a steam sterilizer that used water to create steam to clean surgical tools and kill bacteria between patients. Today we still use this technique to clean glassware and surgical instruments.

What about things that can’t withstand high temperatures? In the case of sensitive electronic components, plastics and cardboard that need to be sterilized, the technique is EtO or EO, and it uses Ethylene Oxide gas as the sanitizing agent.

Another way to sanitize things is by the use of dry heat. This is used for things like needles and metal instruments that can get very hot with no worry that they will disintegrate.

But what about medicines themselves? They can’t be steamed, but they can go through the process known as aseptic processing. This takes a sterile medicine and packages it in a sterile container using flash heating. It is a task that also requires the use of clean rooms, bacteria retaining filters and dry heat. By using this technique however, drugs can be imported and exported anywhere in the world without the need for refrigeration and will be sterile when they arrive at the patient.

Sterile medicines, equipment and tools all help to provide the best care possible to us when we are sick. We don’t have to worry about contamination as the risks for it is low if all temperatures, gases, humidity and pressure levels have been accurately monitored throughout the sterilization process to ensure validity and effectiveness. Medicine has come a long way and the results are safer and more reliable than ever before.

Aseptic Processing

If you go back in time, hygienic practices weren’t even heard of let alone carried out. Medicines were made primarily of plants and whatever else was on hand and even, during the Victorian period when pharmaceuticals became more main stream, they weren’t very worried about how sterile the compounds were.

Today of course, pharmaceuticals are big business and having a product delivered to a patient sterile and ready to go is the norm. We’re talking eye drops, ear drops, injectables, infusion products and the like, all things that have to remain sterile until ready to use.

By definition, something that is sterile has the absence of any viable microorganism, and the specification is unchanging and independent of the manufacturing process of the drug in the first place. To make a sterile product then, means filling and sealing the product containers under high quality environmental conditions, with care and with the same practices in place day after day.

When you are talking foods, beverages and medicines, keeping them sterile is a process called aseptic processing. This means that the sterile product is packaged in such a way as to keep its sterile rating. It is accomplished by flash heating which uses less energy than other techniques while (in the case of food) retains more nutrients. When you are talking pharmaceuticals, the ante is upped and the procedure also includes the use of clean rooms, bacteria retaining filters, and either dry or steam heat.

Some examples of food and drinks being in a sterile container include tetra juice boxes and drink pouches, but for medicines, they are stored in plastic or glass containers as these materials form a tight seal against microbiological organisms, contaminants, and degradation of the substance being carried. Using aseptic processing means you no longer need refrigeration and it makes worldwide import and export safe and economical.

Aseptic containers range in size from tiny ones that hold just a few ounces of medicine to ones that can hold eight million gallons in a tank on an ocean liner. Companies that package these medicines and the like can then send their product all over the world, knowing that once it reaches its destination, it is still a viable, sterilized product and will remain that way until it is used for a patient.

The next time you have a prescription for eye drops or have medicines administered by injection or drip, you can be sure those medicines are sterile, all thanks for aseptic processing.

Online Pharmacy Career Preparation Opportunities

When students are looking to prepare for a career in the pharmacy field, they can do so by completing an accredited online program. There are numerous online schools and colleges that offer certificate and degree training programs for students to complete. Students can choose from a number of careers at various levels of education in order to start the path to an exciting new career. Online career preparation will give students the chance to study at their own leisure from just about anywhere to become pharmacists.

Pharmacy certification programs can be completed online by enrolling in an accredited educational training program. Students can receive the skills they need to pursue a successful career. Accredited programs are available at the certificate, associate degree, and bachelor degree levels of training. Students can prepare for the career of their dreams by completing all required coursework and studies.

Accredited online training for these careers and levels of education will give students a number of skills. Based on the desired career, training will teach students how to:

Count Pills
Measure Ingredients
Label Containers
Prepare Medications
Pour Liquids
Clean Pharmacy Equipment

…and much more. By gaining the skills and knowledge needed to carry out these tasks and more students will be able to find employment in a number of areas. Places of employment can include:

Hospitals
Grocery Stores
Community Pharmacies
Veterinary Offices
Clinics
Government

…and many other places where these types of professionals are needed. Pursuing a career in this exciting field will allow students to enter into careers in a number of exciting areas.

Students who are looking to pursue a career in the pharmacy field have the opportunity to choose from a number of professions. Accredited online training is available for pharmacy technicians, pharmacy management, pharmacist, and much more. Students will prepare for these careers by taking and passing the Pharmacy Technicians Certification Exam (PTCE). This test if offered by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB).

Accredited coursework will vary by level of certificate or degree and online school of enrollment. Students will have the chance to learn various techniques and skills. Areas of study may include subjects that allow students to learn health care, patient billing, medical terminology, pharmacology, record keeping, aseptic calculations, and many other courses. Training may also allow include topics related to other fields allowing students to study veterinary technology, biology, humanities, and much more. By gaining knowledge in these areas students will be ready to seek employment and enter into the workforce.

Elderly Americans Are at High Risk of Prescription Drug Abuse

Exceeding prescribed doses and getting addicted to prescription painkillers to manage pain is a serious worldwide concern that has crippling long-term effects, not only on younger adults but also on the elderly who often remain unnoticed. According to a recent report by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), people aged 65 years or older in America account for more than one-third of the total spending on prescription medications.

Many physical, psychological and social factors have been identified to cause prescription drug abuse in older adults with some of the most common reasons being serious injuries, chronic pain, inability to sleep, depression due to loss of loved ones or the pain of being separated from family.

According to health care experts, constant thoughts about any prescribed medication and fears of daily life-related activities coming to a standstill in the absence of it is a sure sign of addiction. Additionally, when people get habituated to take medications at different times in higher doses than what is prescribed by their physician, it may result in harmful consequences.

Addiction is not limited to younger generation

Dorothy Hatfield, now 75, resorted to painkillers after a knee replacement surgery. It helped her get relief from the excruciating pain following the surgery. Besides, she was constantly haunted by the woes of loneliness, ever since her husband died 10 years ago. Anxiety and depression gradually crept in adding to her miserable condition and agony.

Thus, to escape from her worries, she found herself on an opioid pill-popping roller coaster, which took her on doctor shopping spree. Hopping from one doctor to another to obtain valid prescriptions to feed her craving for prescription painkillers, Dorothy was soon caught in the web of prescription drug abuse. She slowly developed a high tolerance to the medicines and needed higher doses each time to achieve the same level of relief. Finally, the pills inflicted significant damage on her physical and mental well-being, which led to a range of severe side effects, including mental disorders such as dementia.

Unfortunately, very few doctors and medical practitioners in America screen patients for addiction, which makes it difficult to detect the problem at an early stage.

Preventing abuse of prescription medications

Both doctors and patients can play a significant role in identifying any unapproved use of prescription medications, as well as preventing doctor shopping. Efforts must be made to incorporate more evidence-based screening tools as part of any consultation process. Moreover, people suffering from painful conditions may be prescribed other alternative forms of treatment, if required.

It is also important to spread awareness about the dangers of overdose and the outcome of mixing prescription medicines with other drugs and alcohol. Senior citizens need to be provided with useful information on nonnarcotic methods of managing pain and help them build healthier relationships and enhance self-esteem. Pharmacists are also required to identify counterfeit prescriptions or any alterations which could lead to abuse or overdose.

Helping seniors quit addiction

Therefore, while it is important to create awareness about diverse risk factors associated with addiction in old age, elderly people should be kept under vigilance in terms of handling prescription drugs. When it comes to older adults, the two major factors responsible for their high vulnerability to prescription drug abuse are: tolerance to prescription medicines and slowing rate of metabolism.

Finding Ways To Keep Up With Wellness

Curb Your Cravings Now!

People fail to recognize that being on a diet is not enough to trim and shape up their body. If you want to be slim and lose weight, you must have a healthier eating habit and add more physical activities to your everyday routine. In short, aside from your weight loss diets; you must also do some cardiovascular exercises and challenging workouts what if your craving for food that is not allowed increases?

Always drink water. Keep yourself well hydrated. Thirst and hunger are often confused by your body, and incredibly often once you think you need food, you probably need water. If you are consuming the fluids you require, you won’t be as hungry anymore.

Exercising, eating healthy food, not skipping breakfast, taking in food supplements and a lot of emotional support could control cravings.

Even if you indulge yourself with fruits and raw vegetables, you wouldn’t feel bloated and gain a lot of weight.Keeping your appetite satisfied will probably be easier if you do not eliminate your entire favorite foods. In the event you limit your areas of your chosen foods in support of eating them occasionally, this works.

You can indulge a bit here and there and to be successful in what you eat, you have to discover deprivation of everything good won’t make you any money.You should think about replacing the unhealthy meal having a fresh salad and a few lean meat, and you’ll feel fully satiated because of switching to a nutritious diet similar to this, you will end up supplying you with the body a present.Should you continue the good work, you’ll be eating healthier and much less.

Weight loss diets always tell us not to skip meals because skipping meals would only break down muscles and lowers the body’s metabolism.

Next is to distract yourself.

If you or a family member are considering compass recovery you are undoubtedly burdened with many questions about what to expect once you arrive.

Expect to Feel Fear

You must realize and accept that you will experience a lot of fear at first when going to compass recovery since you are headed into a completely new environment while simultaneously leaving behind your “best friend” which until this point as provided a false sense of safety and comfort.

Expect to See Yourself in a Different Light

If you are addicted to drugs or alcohol, you are “that kind of person.” Addicts have a predictable tendency to not see in themselves the flaws that they can clearly see in others.Many people make friends in compass recovery that become a strong and powerful support system for life.

Expect to Take Accountability

Although family and friends often verbalize that they want the addict to stop, they often enable the addict through actions such as providing them with money, shelter, or emotional support when times are difficult through Compass Recovery.

You will be exposed to ideas and concepts that may at first completely contradict your current logic and method of thinking but let’s face it, if what you knew worked, you would not be in rehab in the first place. If you see a Compass Recovery through to the end, you will likely come to embrace a wonderful and healthy new way to view the world.

It would be convenient on your part to enter into a compass recovery center.

Pharmacy Training At A Glance

If you want to have a long and prosperous career in pharmacy, you should attend a good school with a great pharmacy technician training program. When looking for a great training program, one place to start your research is at your local community college. Attending a local community college will teach you the core fundamentals of starting a great career in pharmacy.

In the first year of your pharmacy technician training, many students learn the basics that many health care professionals are taught. You are taught fundamentals such as medical terminology, basic and complex word problem solving, basic drug pronunciation, and different drug interactions. Some programs go a little further and get into the chemical makeup of the many drugs that are manufactured on a regular basis. This may seem like a lot to the new incoming student, but these are essential attributes that one must absorb to become successful when choosing this particular career choice.

Although it may seem like a lot of math and science from the outside looking in, most pharmacy technician training programs that are taught in an actual college setting also require prerequisites before a student is even accepted into the program. For example a student must have a certain level of math skills coming into the program. Many require you to have a certain number of years of chemistry and biology. Along with these courses, they may require you to have courses such as keyboarding, sociology, economics, and other courses that may strengthen and enhance your communication skills.

Once a student passes all of the prerequisite courses assigned by the given college, then and only then may the student apply for admission into the actual program itself. Usually the application process can be a bit daunting and require a lot of paper work, which may include medical records, background checks, and transcripts for any prior course work that has been completed. This may seem rather tedious, but the reward from completing the program outweighs all the early red tape one must fight through to get accepted.

Now that the student is accepted, it is now time to schedule their classes. Most programs follow the same format. Many technical schools have the course work broken down into two semesters and a clinical lab immediately following the course work. Many students that do well in their clinical work get hired on as full time employees. How is that for a benefit? Here is a general break down of how many colleges structure their semester course work:

Pharmacy Technician Training:

Here is a breakdown of what a typical pharmacy technician semester course work will typically look like. Course work and class length will vary from school to school. (Results may vary) Please check your local college admissions office for further details. Some courses may be passed over due to prior college coursework. Most programs run for two semesters. Generally semester two ends with a four week clinical.

Communication skills � entry level
Medical Terminology
Computers in healthcare
Keyboarding or typing
Introduction to pharmacy operations
Pharmaceutical math and pharmacy calculations
Introduction to Drug Classification
Pharmacy Clinical experience (phase 1)
Pharmacy Customer Relations
Institutional Pharmacy Practice
Orientation to Sterile Solutions
Pharmacy Operations Lab
Pharmacy Clinical experience (phase 2)
Applied Pharmaceutical Calculations
Psychology of human relations (Introductory Psychology may be used as a substitute)

There are many Pharmacy technician programs that are starting up every year. When you first glance at them, they may seem like the perfect match for your career needs. Before committing to them, it is wise to dig deeper into what they offer, how long they have been around, and if the program they offer is accredited by The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). The program’s main goal is to educate future pharmacy technicians with the skills and knowledge to secure employment in a variety of pharmacy settings. A technician that completes the training should have the confidence to walk into a community or institutional setting and perform at the highest level possible.

Looking further down the road, the career outlook for Pharmacy technicians appear to be rather promising. New mandates on medication delivery system, a shortage of pharmacists, and the life expectancy of individuals increasing, Pharmacy technicians will be in great demand for many years to come. If you are looking for a great career change with a promising future or looking to start a new professional career with many benefits, becoming a pharmacy technician could be the career choice you have been dreaming of.

Pharmacy Technician Job Description

Pharmacist are most of the time dependable for filling prescriptions, verifying instructions of medical practitioners on the good number of medication to hand out, and look at of harmful outcomes of drug combinations taken by the affected individual. They also suggestions and instruct the sufferers on how and when to choose the medication, viable aspect outcomes of taking the drug, and their dependable use.

Pharmacists are worthwhile to the health care industry, some show results in universities and pharmaceutical suppliers just where they investigation and check new medicines, many others have their individual save and oftentimes a chain of pharmacy which helps make them significantly more require in firm activities these kinds of as: stock management, administrative deliver the results to interns, and completion of insurance policies types and collaborate with insurance protection companies to make sure the patients get their medicine. Pretty much, there are two forms of pharmacists: scientific pharmacists, they entail immediate client treatment and often function in hospitals and other health care options, and guide pharmacists, just one which give direct help to people, control their prescriptions and dispense remedies they most commonly advise healthcare amenities and insurance vendors on increasing their pharmaceutical services.

Pharmacists in the U.S

Women and men looking at a career in pharmacy needs to have an undergraduate course do the trick of at the very least 2 to three years and require the Pharmacy School Admissions Check (PCAT) some pharmacy universities need a Bachelor’s Diploma. Immediately after obtaining accomplished beneficial specifications, they have got to use and be acknowledge to a pharmacy school that is accredited by the American Council on Pharmaceutical Instruction.

A Health practitioner of Pharmacy (Pharm. D.) method is needed in buy for pharmacists to acquire the licensure assessment. Most educational institutions supply this system in a four yr training course. Upcoming pharmacists will work as interns in diverse performing environments hospitals, clinic, and retail pharmacies, even as having classes on health care ethics, pharmacology, and toxicology. Specializing in both a single of the two aforementioned aspects or in research, they constantly have to entire a 1 to two yr residency the moment they’ve finished their Pharm. D.

The last procedures for a possible pharmacist are to pass two condition tests, a particular which examination pharmacy practical knowledge and talent, the other on condition-specified pharmaceutical legislation. It can be significant to point out for prospective college students that the work outlook in accordance to the bureau of labor figures is trying tremendous for pharmacists owing to the growing old of the inhabitants!